Terminal Evaluation of PIMS 2841 CC MSP: Integrating Non-Motorized Transport into the City of Gaborone

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Evaluation Plan:
2010-2014, Botswana
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2012
Completion Date:
02/2012
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation of PIMS 2841 CC MSP: Integrating Non-Motorized Transport into the City of Gaborone
Atlas Project Number: 00041288
Evaluation Plan: 2010-2014, Botswana
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2012
Planned End Date: 02/2012
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Krishna Pal Team Leader drkrishnapal@hotmail.com INDIA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number: 2841
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism; Gaborone City Council
Countries: BOTSWANA
Comments: Evaluation completed February 2012
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Progress has been made to increase public awareness about NMT. However it would have been appropriate to be more targeted at specific events in an area and groups of the society. Botswana may participate in cycling events in the International Games / events for generating interest in NMT.
2 The success of the project is dependent on the completion of design and construction of NMT facilities. The identification of NMT routes and design of infrastructure was very slow. The routes and infrastructure facilities were identified but frozen at the time of project appraisal.
3 The monitoring and evaluation of key indicators shall be identified at appraisal and need to be monitored on a regular basis so that intermittent performance evaluations could be conducted and timely corrective actions could be taken to achieve the objectives and outcomes. The non availability of monitoring and evaluation data for key performance parameters in a timely fashion has put the project at higher risk.
4 The Government of Botswana would need to provide continuous support for NMT infrastructure and its integration with mass rapid transit system (MRTS) to reduce GHGs and may lead to earn carbon credit through clean development mechanism (CDM).
5 Development of SMEs for local fabrication, manufacturing of cycle, instruments, equipments used in cycle repair and maintenance will develop capacity at the private sector level. This will also reduce dependence and availability problems with imported parts.
6 There is a need for aid co-ordination between various agencies through a common framework at the GOB level. A coordinated approach for project implementation, aid co-ordination and co-financing will bring international agencies on a common platform for better results.
1. Recommendation: Progress has been made to increase public awareness about NMT. However it would have been appropriate to be more targeted at specific events in an area and groups of the society. Botswana may participate in cycling events in the International Games / events for generating interest in NMT.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/23]

UNDP-Botswana notes the findings of the Evaluation Report and also acknowledges the increased level of awareness about the use of NMT in the city and small and isolated initiatives towards incorporating cycling into lifestyles.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP Botswana to continue monitoring development in the urban transport sector to identify opportunities for scaling up lessons learned, especially in the areas of upstream policy advice, implementation of policies and initiatives, and education and awareness creation.
[Added: 2014/07/23] [Last Updated: 2017/09/17]
Energy and Environment 2014/12 Completed Issues around sustainable transport are part of the ongoing discourse on Sustainable Development. UNDP is supporting the development of a National Strategy for Sustainable Development. History
2. Recommendation: The success of the project is dependent on the completion of design and construction of NMT facilities. The identification of NMT routes and design of infrastructure was very slow. The routes and infrastructure facilities were identified but frozen at the time of project appraisal.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/23]

UNDP Botswana notes and acknowledges the slow pace at which design and construction of NMT facilities were completed. The challenge for the institutions involved has mainly been the lack of funds as a result of the economic crises. UNDP Botswana is also of the view that the nature of the project necessitated a more positive enabling environment to succeed as infrastructure development is one component of the project. Public education and awareness for behavioural change would play a significant role in order for a project like this one to succeed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Note taken and lessons learnt for future similar projects/initiatives that the relevant institutions may undertake.
[Added: 2014/07/23] [Last Updated: 2017/09/17]
Energy and Environment 2014/12 Completed History
3. Recommendation: The monitoring and evaluation of key indicators shall be identified at appraisal and need to be monitored on a regular basis so that intermittent performance evaluations could be conducted and timely corrective actions could be taken to achieve the objectives and outcomes. The non availability of monitoring and evaluation data for key performance parameters in a timely fashion has put the project at higher risk.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/23]

UNDP Botswana to play a more significant monitoring and evaluation and oversight role over project implementation for ongoing and future projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP is recruiting an M&E Analyst to support the CO with its monitoring functions.
[Added: 2014/07/23] [Last Updated: 2017/09/17]
Energy and Environment and Senior Management 2014/12 Completed The position on M&E Analyst will be filled by December 2014. History
4. Recommendation: The Government of Botswana would need to provide continuous support for NMT infrastructure and its integration with mass rapid transit system (MRTS) to reduce GHGs and may lead to earn carbon credit through clean development mechanism (CDM).
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/23]

The recommendation is accepted and UNDP Botswana will continue to engage with the Government on strategic issues in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation as the country embarks on formulating a climate change policy and strategy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP is supporting the government of Botswana with development of a Climate Change Policy Strategy and Action Plan. There are also other initiatives that pilot mitigation actions, including one supported by UNEP that focuses on building capacity for CDM development.
[Added: 2014/07/23] [Last Updated: 2017/09/17]
Energy and Environment 2014/12 Completed History
5. Recommendation: Development of SMEs for local fabrication, manufacturing of cycle, instruments, equipments used in cycle repair and maintenance will develop capacity at the private sector level. This will also reduce dependence and availability problems with imported parts.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/23]

UNDP Botswana takes note of this and acknowledges the existence of a small SME development in the area of cycle repair and maintenance as well as bicycle import and sale. Some of these are engaged in by individuals who were directly involved in the NMT project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action required. UNDP is supporting the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development with the formulation of a Local Economic Development Strategy which should facilitate dialogue around the development of SMEs.
[Added: 2014/07/23] [Last Updated: 2017/09/17]
Energy and Environment 2014/12 Completed LED Policy Framework in place. History
6. Recommendation: There is a need for aid co-ordination between various agencies through a common framework at the GOB level. A coordinated approach for project implementation, aid co-ordination and co-financing will bring international agencies on a common platform for better results.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/07/23]

This recommendation is noted, and UNDP Botswana is already engaging with different donor agencies to explore opportunities for collaboration and resource mobilization in many programming priorities. The One-UN programme is also expected to leverage on the advantages of the different UN agencies to deliver more high-impact outcomes at the local/national level.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Platforms such as the Development Partners Forum continue to bring together donors and IFIs to dialogue on matters of development priorities to Botswana. The UNCT has formulated a Joint Resource Mobilisation and Partnership Strategy that is meant to bring UN financial resources and programme priorities closer for higher impact.
[Added: 2014/07/23] [Last Updated: 2017/09/17]
UNDP Senior Management 2014/12 Completed History

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