Outcome Evaluation of Inclusive and Democratic Governance (IDG) Portfolio

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Turkey
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
06/2019
Completion Date:
06/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
60,000

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Title Outcome Evaluation of Inclusive and Democratic Governance (IDG) Portfolio
Atlas Project Number: 89927,89746,105454,96325,89656,87569,89928,86968
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Turkey
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2019
Planned End Date: 06/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.2 Capacities developed for progressive expansion of inclusive social protection systems
  • 2. Output 2.2.1 Use of digital technologies and big data enabled for improved public services and other government functions
  • 3. Output 2.2.2 Constitution-making, electoral and parliamentary processes and institutions strengthened to promote inclusion, transparency and accountability
  • 4. Output 2.2.3 Capacities, functions and financing of rule of law and national human rights institutions and systems strengthened to expand access to justice and combat discrimination, with a focus on women and other marginalised groups
  • 5. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
  • 6. Output 2.6.1 Capacities strengthened to raise awareness on and undertake legal, policy and institutional reforms to fight structural barriers to women’s empowerment
Evaluation Budget(US $): 60,000
Source of Funding: Budgets of projects under IDG Portfolio
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 32,113
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: TURKEY
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

1. Given the new reality that UNDP needs to work with, it is highly recommended that it stays engaged in the human rights institutions and supports these in a constructive, capacity building fashion that opens dialogue. While the Ombudsman Institution has a considerable number of donors, the question to be answered is whether UNDP can support it in a complementary way to the NHREI. Both these institutions form the benchmark for adhering to human rights and UNDP´s normative work.

2

2. To the extent possible, UNDP needs to engage and rebuild its partnership with NGOs that are relevant across the portfolio and to the sectors its supports. The same is the case for other institutions such as the Parliament. Given the changes in the context the room for NGOs may be limited and increasing transparency and holding government to account remains a key principle to inclusive and democratic governance.

3

3. The projects that have come to a stand still need to be reconsidered. Given the recent local elections it is recommended that these single pilots are introduced in more than one agency or municipality. This would enhance inter-organisational learning, better use of resources (trainers and workshops) and potentially cross-fertilization across the subjects (integrity and gender mainstreaming could also be introduced in both) and the regions. It would enhance learning and more comparative results across organisations. An additional advantage is that UNDP would work at sub national and local level where the appetite for critical democratic principles and human rights may be more favorable.

4

4. UNDP needs to urgently revive its Gender Strategy and write an action plan how it will implement this in house and in its projects. Gender screening must be mandatory for projects, including gender mainstreaming in components and relevant indicators for measuring progress. It should work more jointly with some of the other UN agencies such as UNFPA and UN Women. Both have expressed interest and given their local focus UNDP may be able to make more progress at that level considering the challenges at national level UNDP needs to consider whether the outcome 3.1 outputs could be more integrated in outcome 2.1. One way forward would be to determine which substantive projects would be related to both 2.1 and 3.1 in project design while cross cutting issues for gender need to be part of the entire portfolio.

5

5. UNDP stay the course in second and third generation projects and consider building further at generation four: keep donors and beneficiaries on board based on progress made and the far-reaching international goals, norms and standards, conventions and agendas.

6

6. UNDP needs to define its strategic entry points at national, sub national and local level. Given the context an appropriate mix has worked very well in Legal Aid I, for example, and LAR III is expected to introduce reforms at local level. This will provide it with visibility and options to engage in sensitive topics that may be better received at lower levels of government. For the human rights agenda, it needs to stay engaged with the human rights institutions at national level such as the NHREI and the Ombudsman. Its first approach to introduce human rights at the NHREI has worked well and the dialogue with the top of the bureaucracy will be critical to remain engaged. Similarly, it can capitalize on the work completed in the justice, demining and border governance sectors. There is momentum now that results are visible, capacity has been built to a significant extent and government has appreciation for UNDP.

7

7. Given the results of the recent local elections may provide UNDP with opportunities to engage around integrity, gender equality, human rights and social development and inclusion. Such pockets of ‘good governance’ at subnational and local may set an example, facilitate partnerships and create advocacy for internationally agreed norms and standards. 

8

8. UNDP needs to revive its partnership with NGOs, Parliament and other oversight bodies at all levels and across the portfolio.

9

 9. Consider undertaking more joint work in close collaboration with other UN agencies to meet the SDGs. More joint work among different portfolios within UNDP is another pathway for the future.

10

10. Improve the development of prodocs with SMART indicators and more analysis based on the current situation. Include SDG analysis and contribution towards government SDGs goals. The latter is particularly relevant since the introduction of the Presidential System and the subsequent changes in government: how can such changes be turned into opportunities?

11

11. Support the e-consulate work in promoting its work abroad and consider an exit strategy for UNDP now that the work is reaching a level where government should be able to manage this process internally.

12

12. Develop and Theory of Change for the portfolio that also feeds into and supports the new CPD. This could help to get a clearer picture on how focus elements interrelate and how gender equality and human rights-based approaches could be included in all the projects.

1. Recommendation:

1. Given the new reality that UNDP needs to work with, it is highly recommended that it stays engaged in the human rights institutions and supports these in a constructive, capacity building fashion that opens dialogue. While the Ombudsman Institution has a considerable number of donors, the question to be answered is whether UNDP can support it in a complementary way to the NHREI. Both these institutions form the benchmark for adhering to human rights and UNDP´s normative work.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

UNDP has strong working relationships both with Ombudsman Institution and Turkish NHREI. Its capacity building support to Ombudsman Institute via the SIDA funded project just finished in 2018. The UNDP support to NHREI has ben continuing with various training programs and workshops to the institution and its board. In Autumn 2019, the institution will be provided with a Capacity Assessment Study to be conducted jointly by UNDP Turkey, ENNHRI and OHCHR. The results of the Study will be used to further develop the DoA for the pipeline Capacity Development Project targeting NHREI to be funded by EU.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Conducting NHREI Capacity Assessment Study
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2019/09 Initiated
1.2 Contracting of Pipeline Project “Strengthening the Institutional Capacity of Human Rights and Equality Institution of Turkey in Line with International Human Rights Standards”
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, MFA Presidency of EU Affairs and EUD to Turkey 2019/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

2. To the extent possible, UNDP needs to engage and rebuild its partnership with NGOs that are relevant across the portfolio and to the sectors its supports. The same is the case for other institutions such as the Parliament. Given the changes in the context the room for NGOs may be limited and increasing transparency and holding government to account remains a key principle to inclusive and democratic governance.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

In all the ongoing and pipeline projects of the Portfolio, UNDP engages well with related NGOs active in the sectors related with the field of the Project. The newly contracted 2nd Phase of Legal-Aid project has a specific component to increase the cooperation between NGOs and all institutions which are active in legal-aid assistance. The third-generation projects on Local Administration Reform (LAR III) and Civilian Oversight of ISFs (CO3) takes NGOs and citizen groups at the heart of their implementation at local levels. For LAR III, there is a specific activity to design a new local governance model which will specifically focus on the role of NGOs/CSOs within the metropolitan level governance processes. There is also the pipeline project on Civic engagement whose co-beneficiary will be GD Relations with Civil Society of Ministry of Interior. The project is specifically designed to improve the cooperation and partnership between civil society, NGOs/CSOs and local administrations for strengthened local and democratic governance. Proposed project aims to create an enabling environment for increased awareness of civil society’s engagement into policy making processes, through innovative enhanced community-based initiatives and promotion of volunteerism in Turkey, which would also feed in localizing and implementation of SDGs and EU Guidelines on civil participation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Involving NGOs/CSOs into improving legal-aid assistance in Turkey
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey and Union of Turkish Bar Associations 2021/05 Initiated
2.2 Involving NGOs/CSOs into new metropolitan level local governance model implementation
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, ministry of Interior and Ministry of Environment and Urbanization 2020/01 Initiated
2.3 Involving NGOs/CSOs into civilian oversight of ISFs in Turkey
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey and Ministry of Interior 2020/06 Initiated
2.4 Contracting of Pipeline Project “Civic Engagement and Voluntarism in Turkey”
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, MFA Presidency of EU Affairs and EUD to Turkey 2019/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

3. The projects that have come to a stand still need to be reconsidered. Given the recent local elections it is recommended that these single pilots are introduced in more than one agency or municipality. This would enhance inter-organisational learning, better use of resources (trainers and workshops) and potentially cross-fertilization across the subjects (integrity and gender mainstreaming could also be introduced in both) and the regions. It would enhance learning and more comparative results across organisations. An additional advantage is that UNDP would work at sub national and local level where the appetite for critical democratic principles and human rights may be more favorable.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

In the last couple of years projects of the Portfolio mostly focused on national level policy making and capacity building of national level organizations, agencies and/or ministries. There has been also strong focus for systems improvement at the national level. The local level single initiatives such as local integrity and gender mainstreaming could not be given energy to be replicated with new pilots. With the new generation of local public administration reform projects and new programming strategies of major donors including EU and SIDA, it is believed that those successful experiences will have more ground to be experimented further. The pace is also expected to increase after the local elections. Furthermore, there will be field surveys, questionnaires and opinion polls as part of LAR III and CO3 projects which will also provide important feedback from the local level policy needs that can be transferred to new project ideas. Finally, the pipeline project on Civic Engagement will be an important practice at the local level having 6 pilot provinces and its local authorities and stakeholders actively involved into its activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Contacts for funding opportunities for project concept on Local Integrity
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2020/12 Initiated
3.2 Local level best practices via LAR IIII and CO3 projects
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2020/12 Initiated
3.3 Contracting of Pipeline Project “Civic Engagement and Voluntarism in Turkey"
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, MFA Presidency of EU Affairs and EUD to Turkey 2020/12 Initiated
4. Recommendation:

4. UNDP needs to urgently revive its Gender Strategy and write an action plan how it will implement this in house and in its projects. Gender screening must be mandatory for projects, including gender mainstreaming in components and relevant indicators for measuring progress. It should work more jointly with some of the other UN agencies such as UNFPA and UN Women. Both have expressed interest and given their local focus UNDP may be able to make more progress at that level considering the challenges at national level UNDP needs to consider whether the outcome 3.1 outputs could be more integrated in outcome 2.1. One way forward would be to determine which substantive projects would be related to both 2.1 and 3.1 in project design while cross cutting issues for gender need to be part of the entire portfolio.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

Gender screening of IDG Portfolio has been underway and its results will be reflected into its related outcomes and outputs for the new CPD. Gender mainstreaming in project components and activities has been a constant practice for its project development and implementation. For sure Legal-aid Phase III, LAR III and CO III; and pipelines on Civic Engagement and NHREI capacity development could profit from extra support when it comes to gender equality. All those projects have/will have activities to engage NGOs working in the field of gender equality.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Gender mainstreaming into on-going project activities
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, Gender Advisor 2019/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

5. UNDP stay the course in second and third generation projects and consider building further at generation four: keep donors and beneficiaries on board based on progress made and the far-reaching international goals, norms and standards, conventions and agendas.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

UNDP will keep close contact and communication with the donors and beneficiaries, directly involving them in project implementation to apply a flexible and responsive approach to evolving needs of the local population and stakeholders. In highly sensitive areas of human rights and governance, this would also ensure that the international principles are fully applied regardless of the political situation. 

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

6. UNDP needs to define its strategic entry points at national, sub national and local level. Given the context an appropriate mix has worked very well in Legal Aid I, for example, and LAR III is expected to introduce reforms at local level. This will provide it with visibility and options to engage in sensitive topics that may be better received at lower levels of government. For the human rights agenda, it needs to stay engaged with the human rights institutions at national level such as the NHREI and the Ombudsman. Its first approach to introduce human rights at the NHREI has worked well and the dialogue with the top of the bureaucracy will be critical to remain engaged. Similarly, it can capitalize on the work completed in the justice, demining and border governance sectors. There is momentum now that results are visible, capacity has been built to a significant extent and government has appreciation for UNDP.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

Coming to the end of the CPD period, new phases of national level system improvement and policy making projects in the fields of justice, legal-aid, demining and border governance has recently given start with Demining Phase III under preparation. Support to human rights agenda is also underway with the collaboration with NHREI. The ongoing projects of LAR III and CO3 are expected to document local level needs via project surveys and local level implementations which will be used as bases for new local level projects in addition to Portfolio’s best practices on former local and regional level projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Conducting NHREI Capacity Assessment Study
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2019/09 Initiated
6.2 Contracting of Pipeline Project “Strengthening the Institutional Capacity of Human Rights and Equality Institution of Turkey in Line with International Human Rights Standards”
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, MFA Presidency of EU Affairs and EUD to Turkey 2019/12 Initiated
6.3 Demining Phase III
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, MAFAM and EUD to Turkey 2019/12 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

7. Given the results of the recent local elections may provide UNDP with opportunities to engage around integrity, gender equality, human rights and social development and inclusion. Such pockets of ‘good governance’ at subnational and local may set an example, facilitate partnerships and create advocacy for internationally agreed norms and standards. 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

Following the local elections, it is seen that new local policy agendas are underway. Newly elected local leaders and their teams signaling their priorities towards more inclusive and citizen-oriented approaches in decision making and implementation. It is now for UNDP IDG Portfolio to present its already existing capacity in introducing good governance practices and policy making to the newly elected leaders and councilors.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Consultative and policy development grounds of LAR III to be used for innovative and inclusive approaches towards good governance
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2021/06 Initiated
7.1 Consultative and policy development grounds of LAR III to be used for innovative and inclusive approaches towards good governance
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2021/06 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

8. UNDP needs to revive its partnership with NGOs, Parliament and other oversight bodies at all levels and across the portfolio.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

UNDP has just recently initiated the third-generation project on civilian oversight of ISFs which includes variety of activities involving citizens, NGOs/CSOs and having specific component on Parliamentary oversight (for further notes on partnership with NGOs please see management response number 2)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Consultative and policy development grounds of CO3
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, Ministry of Interior and Grand National Assembly of Turkey 2021/12 Initiated
8.1 Consultative and policy development grounds of CO3
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey, Ministry of Interior and Grand National Assembly of Turkey 2021/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

 9. Consider undertaking more joint work in close collaboration with other UN agencies to meet the SDGs. More joint work among different portfolios within UNDP is another pathway for the future.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

As noted above most of the IDG projects of the programming period were national level policy making and system improvement projects. Although their role in meeting with SDGs were quite important, UNDP believes that there are further initiatives to be taken; especially in localising SDGs. The third-generation projects in the field of public administration reform and phase II legal-aid has important implementing grounds for that purpose. The joint work within the programming period were mostly in the field of access to justice with UNHCR which opens up a longer and stronger ground for further cooperation with new projects/initiatives. IDG inherited successful experiences with UNFPA and UN Women in the fields of women empowerment in decision making. The existing capacity is believed to be channeled into new projects in the forthcoming period.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 LAR III joint planning and implementation with ISG portfolio
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2021/06 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

10. Improve the development of prodocs with SMART indicators and more analysis based on the current situation. Include SDG analysis and contribution towards government SDGs goals. The latter is particularly relevant since the introduction of the Presidential System and the subsequent changes in government: how can such changes be turned into opportunities?

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

For the new programming period, in addition to lessons learnt throughout the monitoring of indicators and result-oriented reporting, a new programming and M&E team established with clear SOPs. Further studies will be conducted for SDG analysis and the new introduced 11th national development plan will guide the upcoming programming and project development with smart indicators.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
SDGs and 11th Plan priorities to be integrated into new project concepts and DoAs
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2019/12 Initiated
11. Recommendation:

11. Support the e-consulate work in promoting its work abroad and consider an exit strategy for UNDP now that the work is reaching a level where government should be able to manage this process internally.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

Contractual management support is considered to be an important asset of UNDP in Turkey in some key areas of interventions with MoFA, Ministry of Labor and Ministry of Agriculture.  However, UNDP with its strong knowhow and experience in those fields is willing to support the GoV on substantial technical issues as well.  To this end, specific to the e-consulate project UNDP agreed with MoFA to evolve its partnership. resulting with the transfer and promotion of the innovative systems and tools to other geographies in the world, where UNDP operates

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Consultations with MFA for international events for promotion and experiences sharing
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2019/12 Initiated
12. Recommendation:

12. Develop and Theory of Change for the portfolio that also feeds into and supports the new CPD. This could help to get a clearer picture on how focus elements interrelate and how gender equality and human rights-based approaches could be included in all the projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/18]

Together with RBM trainings, the IDG portfolio is also getting support of socio-political analysis of current policy environment, analysis of human-rights policy agenda and IDG gender screening so that results of all analyses can feed the new CPD.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 The results of the mentioned analysis will be integrated into project concepts and DoA under preparation
[Added: 2019/07/18]
UNDP Turkey 2019/12 Initiated

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