Final Evaluation for SFM (Integrated Approach to Management of Forests in Turkey, with Demonstration in High Conservation Value Forests in the Mediterranean Region) under Climate Change and Environment (CCE) Portfolio

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Turkey
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2020
Completion Date:
09/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
17,000

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Title Final Evaluation for SFM (Integrated Approach to Management of Forests in Turkey, with Demonstration in High Conservation Value Forests in the Mediterranean Region) under Climate Change and Environment (CCE) Portfolio
Atlas Project Number: 00070163
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Turkey
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2020
Planned End Date: 09/2020
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
  • 6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
Evaluation Budget(US $): 17,000
Source of Funding: Project buget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 17,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Josh Brann
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Integrated Approach Forests in Turkey
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Multifocal Areas
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4469
PIMS Number: 4434
Key Stakeholders: GEF & Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs (GD of Forestry)
Countries: TURKEY
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

UNDP and GDF should ensure that the various technical trainings conducted during the project are packaged into training modules, and then fully integrated in regular GDF training programs.

2

To further support the sustainability of project results, GDF and its partners should continue working to develop and implement a monitoring system for tracking SFM outcomes in the implementation of FMPs, especially with respect to biodiversity.

3

UNDP should explore all possibilities to continue the development of the DSS, and its global dissemination, including the development of a user manual that could be translated into multiple languages.

4

Projects should have multi-stakeholder steering committees, with all major stakeholders or stakeholder groups represented. This is one way to strengthen stakeholder ownership, stakeholder engagement, coordination, cooperation, and transparency in the implementation of GEF projects. In the case of the Turkey SFM project this was not a major issue, but future UNDP-GEF projects in Turkey should implement such a mechanism to ensure optimum stakeholder engagement during project implementation.

5

GDF should continue implementing new technologies to increase the efficiency of forest inventory and forest management in Turkey. Specifically, the GDF should invest in a national level forest inventory supported by remote sensing data. In addition, the GDF should fully scale-up the application of the DSS to the national level as soon as possible. Increasing the efficiency of Forest Management Planning is the only feasible way to accelerate the uptake of integrated forest management planning approaches.

6

UNDP, GDF, and other partners (e.g. FAO) should work to develop a landscape-level strategic approach to SFM, in order to increase efficiency and effectiveness of integrated forest management planning. This has been initiated to some extent with support from NCC, but if implemented more widely would have potential to improve SFM results over time.

7

Most GEF FSPs are designed to be implemented over 4-5 years. Yet, the long-term impact and sustainability of results for many projects depends on institutionalizing project results within key national environmental management institutions, such as the GDF. These processes can take years. The GEF and UNDP should design and develop projects that specifically include outputs on institutional capacity development, and the institutionalization of project results. GEF projects should be planned for 6-7 years to successfully implement these types of activities. For many GEF projects the current implementation timeframes have not been adequate to ensure project outputs are institutionalized for long-term outcomes and impacts. Long-term strengthening of nationallevel natural resource and environmental management institutions is a critical strategic direction for the GEF to embrace for the future generation of Global Environmental Benefits. 

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

UNDP and GDF should ensure that the various technical trainings conducted during the project are packaged into training modules, and then fully integrated in regular GDF training programs.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

All the technical and applied trainings conducted under the project will be packed into training modules and fully integrated into regular GDF training programs. This was also mentioned in the report of the Legal Framework and sustainability Working Group which was established by the GDF in participation of the responsible persons from all the related departments of GDF. This report was also presented to the participants of the Closure Event of the project and submitted to the high- level authorities of GDF.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO provided all information and documents regarding the trainings to the GDF (Dept. of Foreign Relations, Training and Research). The GDF partially integrated trainings to their corporate system since current regular training programme was suspended due to COVID 19. The GDF will integrate all the trainings developed under the project into the GDF Regular Training Programme till the end of June 2021 when the new training programme is expected to start due to restrictions of Covid-19
[Added: 2020/11/09] [Last Updated: 2022/06/14]
UNDP CO, GDF 2022/06 Completed All the trainings developed under the SFM Project were integrated into the regular (in service) training program of GDF. History
2. Recommendation:

To further support the sustainability of project results, GDF and its partners should continue working to develop and implement a monitoring system for tracking SFM outcomes in the implementation of FMPs, especially with respect to biodiversity.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

All of the new models and approaches such as biodiversity, NWFPs, carbon focused silvicultural activities and research trials, ecotourism, fire management plans, pest control etc. developed and integrated into FMPs under the project will be monitored and audited by the Inspectors of the GDF every year. At the end of each audit conducted, prepared report and tables will be sent to the related authorities of GDF. It was also dictated in the Forest Management Regulation of GDF and mentioned in the report of the Legal Framework and Sustainability Working Group of GDF.    

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No key action since all of the new models and approaches integrated into the GDF’s corporate rules and regulations.
[Added: 2020/11/09]
GDF, UNDP CO, NCC 2020/11 Completed
3. Recommendation:

UNDP should explore all possibilities to continue the development of the DSS, and its global dissemination, including the development of a user manual that could be translated into multiple languages.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

GDF is still trying to develop the DSS and better adapt it to the Turkish Forestry such as determining the tree growing models and updating the tree volume tables to integrate them into DSS. This is an on-going improvement process. As a first step of its global dissemination and development of a user manual, project had one of the FMPs translated into English and submitted it to GDF.  This issue was also mentioned in the report of the Legal Framework and Sustainability Working Group of GDF. In addition to the GDF efforts to disseminate it in Turkey and to other countries, UNDP CO will promote the tool at regional and global level.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO has already started a discussion with the UNDP Technology Unit at HQ for elaborating possible dissemination opportunities. A recommendations list will be prepared with the HQ colleagues in coming months.
[Added: 2020/11/09] [Last Updated: 2021/11/10]
UNDP CO 2021/09 Completed UNDP CO prepared a dissemination strategy and user manual and shared it with HQ Technology Unit. History
4. Recommendation:

Projects should have multi-stakeholder steering committees, with all major stakeholders or stakeholder groups represented. This is one way to strengthen stakeholder ownership, stakeholder engagement, coordination, cooperation, and transparency in the implementation of GEF projects. In the case of the Turkey SFM project this was not a major issue, but future UNDP-GEF projects in Turkey should implement such a mechanism to ensure optimum stakeholder engagement during project implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

Stakeholder engagement will be improved through consultation and sharing events with all stakeholders before and after steering committee meetings. Steering committee structure will be modified according to new the GEF policy on project implementation. UNDP will assure optimum stakeholder engagement during project implementation within overview capacity at the project management structure.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will continue on consultation and sharing events for the on-going GEF funded project. New GEF funded projects will include stakeholder mapping and engagement plan in the UNDP ProDoc. Both actions have been completed.
[Added: 2020/11/09]
UNDP CO 2020/11 Completed
5. Recommendation:

GDF should continue implementing new technologies to increase the efficiency of forest inventory and forest management in Turkey. Specifically, the GDF should invest in a national level forest inventory supported by remote sensing data. In addition, the GDF should fully scale-up the application of the DSS to the national level as soon as possible. Increasing the efficiency of Forest Management Planning is the only feasible way to accelerate the uptake of integrated forest management planning approaches.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

GDF will continue implementing new models and approaches developed under the SFM project such as national forest inventory supported by remote sensing data, application of DSS and new forest management planning approaches since these issues were already included in the report of the Legal Framework and Sustainability Working Group of GDF.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
GDF initiated forest inventory supported by remote sensing data in 3 provinces and it will be replicated in other parts of Turkey next year and coming years. FEMS is being updated to Turkish conditions (Turkish tree species) and will be started to use FEMS in the forest management planning next years.
[Added: 2020/11/09] [Last Updated: 2021/11/10]
GDF 2021/11 Completed GDF has been working to replicate forest inventory by remote sensing and completed 2 more forest inventories in Artvin-Sahara and Ankara-Çamkoru in 2021. There will be one more inventory completed in 2022. 16 Integrated Forest Management Plans in Erzurum province will be completed till the end of 2021. GDF is committed to update the, DSS is being updated to Turkish conditions (as tree species and other issues needed) till the end of 2022 under the pipeline GEF-7 Ida Mountain project. Later, this system will be used in forest management system and replicated in other parts of Turkey. History
6. Recommendation:

UNDP, GDF, and other partners (e.g. FAO) should work to develop a landscape-level strategic approach to SFM, in order to increase efficiency and effectiveness of integrated forest management planning. This has been initiated to some extent with support from NCC, but if implemented more widely would have potential to improve SFM results over time.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

Landscape-level strategic approach to SFM was developed and initiated by the project in collaboration with Nature Conservation Center (DKM) and presented to the GDF. GDF’s future plans for this approach will be elaborated with related GDF officials and stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This issue will be elaborated with the forest management department and high-level authorities of GDF. A discussion with the FAO and UNEP will be organized for future planning at UN Result Groups.
[Added: 2020/11/09] [Last Updated: 2021/11/10]
UNDP CO, GDF 2021/11 Completed GDF started using landscape level strategic approach in integrated forest management planning. Before starting planning process, GDF is assessing landscape level functions and making the forest management plans according to these assessment results and findings of the landscape. This approach will be developed in 2022 and future years by GDF. UNDP also shared all information with the FAO, UNEP and other members of related result group for possible future projects. History
7. Recommendation:

Most GEF FSPs are designed to be implemented over 4-5 years. Yet, the long-term impact and sustainability of results for many projects depends on institutionalizing project results within key national environmental management institutions, such as the GDF. These processes can take years. The GEF and UNDP should design and develop projects that specifically include outputs on institutional capacity development, and the institutionalization of project results. GEF projects should be planned for 6-7 years to successfully implement these types of activities. For many GEF projects the current implementation timeframes have not been adequate to ensure project outputs are institutionalized for long-term outcomes and impacts. Long-term strengthening of nationallevel natural resource and environmental management institutions is a critical strategic direction for the GEF to embrace for the future generation of Global Environmental Benefits. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/10/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/09]

UNDP Turkey will continue to collaborate with the implementing partner and other stakeholders for global environment benefits within SDGs, UN conventions, and 11th National Development Plan. UNDP has been considering the sustainability and impact level of projects with its theory of change at design level, including the time frame of the project implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will assure linkages of projects at natural resources and biodiversity programme to assure long-term benefits. New project on energy efficient wooden houses will benefit from the project through its network, DSS tool, and new forest management plans.
[Added: 2020/11/09] [Last Updated: 2021/11/10]
GEF Secreteriat, UNDP CO 2021/11 Completed UNDP CO and the GDF initiated another project, funded by the Government of Turkey, for understanding the benefits of wood products for carbon capture and economic development. The project under pipeline for energy efficient wooden houses is submitted to the GEF Secretariat. The project will be started in 2022 after finalizing according to the GEF SEC review. History

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