mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into tourism development sector

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2013-2017, Jordan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
11/2016
Completion Date:
11/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

Share

Title mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into tourism development sector
Atlas Project Number: 00073143
Evaluation Plan: 2013-2017, Jordan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2016
Planned End Date: 11/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 5.2. Effective institutional, legislative and policy frameworks in place to enhance the implementation of disaster and climate risk management measures at national and sub-national levels
  • 2. Output 5.5. Policy frameworks and institutional mechanisms enabled at the national and sub-national levels for the peaceful management of emerging and recurring conflicts and tensions
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 25,500
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
DAVID VOUSDEN PROFESSOR d.vousden@ru.ac.za
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Mainstreaming biodiversity conservation in tourism sector development in Jordan
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
GEF Project ID: 4586
PIMS Number: 4587
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, ASEZA, PDTRA, Ministry of Municipal Affairs, Ministry of Environment and RSCN
Countries: JORDAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

There is a strong need to move ahead expeditiously with Certification and ‘Green Labelling’ not just for hotels but for camp sites and for visitor/tourism aspects of Protected Areas as well. The project should consider extending the original ToR for this process to ensure it is completed and also includes a single-system rationalised national Star Award system which includes appropriate environmental and sustainable mainstreaming biodiversity criteria.

2

Project Results and Next Step requirements (including this MTR) need to be translated into Arabic and discussed at a high-level in order to ‘buy’ sustainability from government and other stakeholders at the policy level.

3

A ’Sustainability Strategy’ High Level Round-Table within the last year of the project at the level of Secretary-General to discuss and agree on way forward for sustainability of project achievements and to review possible next implementation stage for submission to GEF. This should be added as a new indicator under the Results Framework.

4

It is essential that there is institutionalisation of the SEA process with supportive legislation and other ‘biodiversity mainstreaming’ legislation

5

 There needs to be harmonisation and standardisation of a single Einvironmental Inpact Assessment (EIA) process under MoEnv and this also should be captured within appropriate legislation

6

The Implementing Partners and UNDP should identify a mechanism for Post-Project Assessment and evaluation of sustainability. This could be included under a further project proposal.

7

The Results Framework should be updated to rationalise the Indicators as discussed under Section on Results Framework in the text of this report. Additions to the RF should include the Sustainability Strategy as noted in the recommendations..

8

Development and adoption of a Capacity Building and Training programme for the appropriate stakeholders and Implementing Partners for the rest of this project should be prioritised for urgent and immediate training with a view to identifying funds under the current project where possible. This programme could also be extended to form part of a ‘next phase’ project on Implementing and Enhancing Biodiversity within the Tourism Sector. This CB&T programme needs to recognise the fact that there are skills and expertise scattered throughout government but they are not necessarily in the right departments.

9

The appropriate Government body (probably MoPIC) should make the requisite arrangements to bring related projects together to present their aims and achievements and to share lessons. Currently, this donor/project coordination is absent and leads to inevitable duplication and the potential for much ‘re-invention of the wheel’.

10

The project should consider undertaking a Feasibility study on developing a Small/Medium Size Enterprise support process for PAs once the appropriate legislation is in place and once community-level management is ensured. This could also be part of a future next-phase.

11

A similar Feasibility Study should be considered looking at possible enhancement of biodiversity values with tourism focusing on environmental/biodiversity trails and guides as well as the possibility of strengthening existing breeding and reintroduction programmes for charismatic species (e.g. such as Oryx, Ibex and the Houbara Bustard), with close coordination in this process between appropriate Protected areas such as Wadi Rum and Petra.

12

Draft a new Concept for a ‘next-phase’ project for submission to GEF and/or other donors looking at Implementing the Biodiversity Mainstreaming Process and Enhancing/Restoring Biodiversity in Jordan noting that the United Nation General Assembly has declared the adoption of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development.

13

Review the remaining budget to identify the possibility of funding a further project position to provide technical and planning assistance to the Project Manager and Implementing Partners

14

Establish a briefing process for media, including awareness and outreach workshop and/or symposium.

15

A specific consultancy from the project to assist and to strengthen Ministry of Municipal Affairs (MoMA) understanding of mainstreaming biodiversity into the tourism sector as well as into land use planning would be a valuable ‘outreach’ from the project

16

The MT Evaluator has reviewed and discussed the proposed revisions to the project budget at the MTR. These are relatively minor and all have been justified. The MTR recommends adoption of these budget revisions through a revised ATLAS budget which should then be approved at the next Project Management Committee and the Project Executive Board informed of this measure at its next meeting.

17

The Evaluator also recommends that the project should convene a Lessons Learned and Best Practices workshop for the purpose of capturing the valuable results from the three sites and making them available to other Protected Areas and Buffer Zones as well as for MoMA to use in other Land Use Planning activities.

1. Recommendation:

There is a strong need to move ahead expeditiously with Certification and ‘Green Labelling’ not just for hotels but for camp sites and for visitor/tourism aspects of Protected Areas as well. The project should consider extending the original ToR for this process to ensure it is completed and also includes a single-system rationalised national Star Award system which includes appropriate environmental and sustainable mainstreaming biodiversity criteria.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/01/25]

management agree with immediate implementation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Establishing a National working group to inclue RSCN, Hotels, JREDS, Private sector, camp owners, and all relevant parties .
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
Project Coorination Unit (PCU) and Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities (MoTA) 2016/11 Completed History
1.2 Initiate debate and consultations between/among the National work group members.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU, MoTA 2017/03 Completed History
1.3 Present the scope of certification and green labeling to high level decision makers in an official meeting for their, feedback and approval
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU, Green Unit at the ministry, MoTA and UNDP senior management 2017/03 Completed History
1.4 Establish close coordination between the two BITS assignments (Certification and incentives and disincentives) to ensure synergies and good engagement for all stakeholders in particular private sector.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU, Ministry of Tourism Green Unit (TGU) , MoTA 2017/12 Completed History
1.5 official lunching of the charter along public information champion
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU, TGU 2017/07 Completed History
2. Recommendation:

Project Results and Next Step requirements (including this MTR) need to be translated into Arabic and discussed at a high-level in order to ‘buy’ sustainability from government and other stakeholders at the policy level.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In Agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Share the MTR report with IPs top management with a covering letter highlighting key findings of the report
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2016/12 Completed History
2.2 Call for Project Board meeting to exclusively discuss the MTR findings.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/03 Completed History
3. Recommendation:

A ’Sustainability Strategy’ High Level Round-Table within the last year of the project at the level of Secretary-General to discuss and agree on way forward for sustainability of project achievements and to review possible next implementation stage for submission to GEF. This should be added as a new indicator under the Results Framework.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Pepare policy brief in advance for the round table meeting
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU and Project Coordination Group (PCG) 2017/01 Completed History
3.2 Dvelop two scenarios (summery concepts) for possible next implementation phase.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU, PCG and Project Board 2017/12 Completed History
3.3 Add the present recommendation as a new indicator and coordinate this with PCG and PEB for their approval and endorsement.
[Added: 2018/01/25]
PCU, PCG and PEB 2017/12 Completed
4. Recommendation:

It is essential that there is institutionalisation of the SEA process with supportive legislation and other ‘biodiversity mainstreaming’ legislation

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/01/25]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Conduct policy oriented workshop for the new elected parliament (parliamentarian related committees i.e. Environment & Health committee) to support the mainstreaming of SEA in the national environmental legal framework.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2019/04/01]
PCU 2019/03 Completed the workshops have been conducted History
4.2 Disseminate the monitoring framework for effective EIA and SEA process for biodiversity and tourism prepared by the project in its first year to the MoEnv along with proposed actions to mainstream SEA into the newly proposed EIA framework .
[Added: 2018/01/25] [Last Updated: 2019/03/03]
PCU 2019/02 Completed Done, evidence can be found in the TE of the project History
4.3 Build the capacity of the existing EIA committee to review SEAs
[Added: 2018/01/25] [Last Updated: 2019/03/03]
PCU 2019/02 Completed Evidence can be found in the TE of the project. History
5. Recommendation:

 There needs to be harmonisation and standardisation of a single Einvironmental Inpact Assessment (EIA) process under MoEnv and this also should be captured within appropriate legislation

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 The recommendation to be included in the agenda of the proposed workshop/meeting -above- with the new elected Parliament (the concerned committee at the Parliament)
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/01/25]
PCU 2018/12 Completed History
5.2 With and for MoEnv, revise (harmonise, standardise) the current EIA legislation and guidelines, including to capture and address biodiversity conservation needs and practices, provide opportunities for local people to communicate with MoEnv, and to include tourism projects and impacts from other sectors in the new EIA legislation and related regulations and instructions.
[Added: 2018/01/25] [Last Updated: 2019/04/01]
PCU with all relevant partners 2019/03 Completed New EIA Guidelines now require that tourism developments have to go for screening by the Screening Committee which includes the MOE, RSCN, ASEZA and PDTRA. The MOE has in place a clear procedural pathway for this. The BITS project has coordinated this with the MOE and the GIZ-MOE Review of Environmental Legislation which will adopt the EIA legislation. History
6. Recommendation:

The Implementing Partners and UNDP should identify a mechanism for Post-Project Assessment and evaluation of sustainability. This could be included under a further project proposal.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Develop two scenarios (summery concepts) for possible next implementation phase and discuss the with PCG.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2016/12 Completed History
6.2 Develop in collaboration with PCG a framework for post project assessment and evaluation of sustainability.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/03 Completed History
7. Recommendation:

The Results Framework should be updated to rationalise the Indicators as discussed under Section on Results Framework in the text of this report. Additions to the RF should include the Sustainability Strategy as noted in the recommendations..

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Add the new raised indicators and coordinate this with PCG and Project Board for their approval and endorsement.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/01 Completed History
8. Recommendation:

Development and adoption of a Capacity Building and Training programme for the appropriate stakeholders and Implementing Partners for the rest of this project should be prioritised for urgent and immediate training with a view to identifying funds under the current project where possible. This programme could also be extended to form part of a ‘next phase’ project on Implementing and Enhancing Biodiversity within the Tourism Sector. This CB&T programme needs to recognise the fact that there are skills and expertise scattered throughout government but they are not necessarily in the right departments.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Evaluate the capacity needs assessment conducted by the project so far and evaluate the impact of the implemented trainings.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/02 Completed History
8.2 Conduct selected training programmes to the project partners that enhance the partners need and skills to better understand and react with the biodiversity conservation practices and better serve their sites.
[Added: 2018/01/25] [Last Updated: 2019/06/04]
PCU 2019/05 Completed the training has been finalised History
9. Recommendation:

The appropriate Government body (probably MoPIC) should make the requisite arrangements to bring related projects together to present their aims and achievements and to share lessons. Currently, this donor/project coordination is absent and leads to inevitable duplication and the potential for much ‘re-invention of the wheel’.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Explore any possible interventions with other similar projects
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/12 Completed History
9.2 Call for coordination meeting and agree on a framework for synergies to be adopted by one part.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/12 Completed History
9.3 Propose to MOPIC to create a formal donor/project coordination body with regular meetings to share info, AND/OR a database with tagging of different project types/topics to inform such better planning.
[Added: 2018/01/25] [Last Updated: 2019/03/03]
PCU 2019/02 Completed Evidence can be found in the TE of the project. History
10. Recommendation:

The project should consider undertaking a Feasibility study on developing a Small/Medium Size Enterprise support process for PAs once the appropriate legislation is in place and once community-level management is ensured. This could also be part of a future next-phase.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 If sufficient resources are available during the project engage a feasibility study on the potential usefulness and setup options of a Small and Medium Size Enterprise Support Process/Facility, to catalyse further private sector engagement in PA management and financing.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
PCU 2018/12 Completed History
10.2 As part of Business Planning in the targeted or priority PAs, create an Action Plan to assess and leverage further support from SMEs.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
PCU 2018/12 Completed History
10.3 Keep in mind in any future follow up project ideas, to either still develop the feasibility study, or to actually create the SME Support Process/Facility.
[Added: 2018/01/25] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
Govt and UNDP CO 2018/12 Completed History
11. Recommendation:

A similar Feasibility Study should be considered looking at possible enhancement of biodiversity values with tourism focusing on environmental/biodiversity trails and guides as well as the possibility of strengthening existing breeding and reintroduction programmes for charismatic species (e.g. such as Oryx, Ibex and the Houbara Bustard), with close coordination in this process between appropriate Protected areas such as Wadi Rum and Petra.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Prepare a brief concept to the PDTRA top management followed by an explanatory/introductory visit to Rum PA to explore modeling their experience with respect to reintroduction.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/03 Completed History
11.2 Reach out to similar model reintroduction/translocation initiatives, especially in the Gulf area (UAE), to launch a dialogue around further benchmarking support (to in a next phase assess the technical and financial viability of the proposed reintroductions/ translocations, to ensure that IUCN SSC RSG Reintroduction Guidelines are satisfied)
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2019/06/04]
PCU, Wadi Rum PA and PDTRA 2019/05 Completed workshops is conducted in Bahrain while two sites from the project sites were involved, the project played an important role in the development of the training materials and the project manager was one of the main trainers along with experts from IUCN. History
11.4 Establish connection with GEF SGP for exploring possible interventions.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/01/25]
PCU 2017/05 Completed History
11.3 Conduct a preliminary feasibility study regarding potential sites as well as suitable species and numbers for reintroduction/ translocation to Petra PA
[Added: 2018/01/25]
PCU 2017/05 Completed
12. Recommendation:

Draft a new Concept for a ‘next-phase’ project for submission to GEF and/or other donors looking at Implementing the Biodiversity Mainstreaming Process and Enhancing/Restoring Biodiversity in Jordan noting that the United Nation General Assembly has declared the adoption of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 To draft concept for the suggested next phase
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/05 Completed History
12.2 To adopt the next phase proposal by PCG, Project Board
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/12 Completed History
12.3 Exploring funding possibilities (GEF star 2018) and/ or other donors
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/12 Completed History
13. Recommendation:

Review the remaining budget to identify the possibility of funding a further project position to provide technical and planning assistance to the Project Manager and Implementing Partners

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

This will be discussed with the Project Board

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 Conduct Budget revision
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2016/12 Completed History
13.2 To provide coordination unit with necessary staff support.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/03 Completed History
14. Recommendation:

Establish a briefing process for media, including awareness and outreach workshop and/or symposium.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 To develop brief and booklets that reflects the project activities and share it with media whenever it needed.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/01/25]
PCU 2016/12 Completed History
15. Recommendation:

A specific consultancy from the project to assist and to strengthen Ministry of Municipal Affairs (MoMA) understanding of mainstreaming biodiversity into the tourism sector as well as into land use planning would be a valuable ‘outreach’ from the project

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement, if the Project Board agrees.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
15.1 To design special capacity building programme for MoMA in LUP.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU and MOMA 2017/03 Completed History
15.2 To implement the proposed programme with support of the project
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/10 Completed History
16. Recommendation:

The MT Evaluator has reviewed and discussed the proposed revisions to the project budget at the MTR. These are relatively minor and all have been justified. The MTR recommends adoption of these budget revisions through a revised ATLAS budget which should then be approved at the next Project Management Committee and the Project Executive Board informed of this measure at its next meeting.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
16.1 Budget revision and submit for PCG and PEB for their review and approval.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2017/03 Completed History
17. Recommendation:

The Evaluator also recommends that the project should convene a Lessons Learned and Best Practices workshop for the purpose of capturing the valuable results from the three sites and making them available to other Protected Areas and Buffer Zones as well as for MoMA to use in other Land Use Planning activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/06]

In agreement

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
17.1 To compile a list of lessoned learnt and best practices collected from the three sites with and inputs from LAC’s and project officers and IPs.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
PCU 2018/12 Completed This was discussed and approved by the PCG; and it'll to be discussed through the 2nd green forum at the end of this project. History
17.2 Conduct joint workshop to present and discuss lessoned learned and best practices from the three sites.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2017/12/07]
PCU 2016/12 Completed History
17.3 Finalize and share it via Jordan Clearing House Mechanism, UNDP and IPs websites.
[Added: 2016/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/01/25]
PCU, PCG 2017/03 Completed History

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org