MTE: Promoting Production and Utilization of Biogas (Bio Methane) from Agro Waste in South East Botswana

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Botswana
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Title MTE: Promoting Production and Utilization of Biogas (Bio Methane) from Agro Waste in South East Botswana
Atlas Project Number: 00098758
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Botswana
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2019
Planned End Date: 10/2019
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 24,300
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Robert Aitken Evaluator
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Promoting production and utlization of biogas from agro-waste in South-Eastern Botswana
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5628
PIMS Number: 5299
Key Stakeholders: Department of Waste Management and Pollution Control, Botswana Development Corporation, Botswana Meat Commission, Botswana Institute for Technology Research and Innovation
Countries: BOTSWANA

The following PMU arrangement is proposed;

  • The Project is co-managed by BITRI and DWMPC/MENT;
  • BITRI remains the Implementing Partner and MENT the Executing Entity.
  • The Department of Energy (DoE) plays a supporting role.

UNDP will also play a more supportive role and not assume specific responsibility for any project activities or outcomes.

It is proposed that at least one permanent representative from DWMPC/MENT is seconded to the PMU. This would mean that the PMU consisted on the following organizational representatives;

  • BITRI_1 – Project Coordinator          (Permanent)
  • BITRI_2 – Manager of R&D (Permanent)
  • DWMPC/MENT – Operations Manager (Permanent – part-time[1])
  • UNDP_1 – Project Manager [support role] (Permanent)
  • UNDP_2 – Project Engineer [support role] (Permanent)

UNDP_3 – Project Finance & administration [support role] Permanent


[1] Depending on the level of effort required at various stages of the project the DWMPC/MENT representative will either be full-time or part-time but either way on a permanent [on-going] basis.


With regard to specific leadership roles within the PMU, it is proposed that BITRI retain the overall project coordinator role but that the participating DWMPC/MENT staff are accorded clear management responsibilities not only for their area of responsibility but for the overall strategic direction of the project.


Each active output and activity must be assigned to a named staff-member from either BITRI or DWMPC/MENT. In terms of project accountability, staff responsibilities should be specifically allocated, and progress should be monitored.


A Gantt chart needs to be developed which will include the full range of activities and outputs under each component, include anticipated time of conclusion as well as progress over time.


Establish more meaningful partnerships with entities that have significant experience in biogas; this would include SNV, GIZ and Nepal’s AEPC.


Target of 1,000 units needs to be adjusted. A realistic target needs to be based on consensus between stakeholders. The MTR would suggest in the region of 200 – 300 units within the remaining project implementation period.


Small-scale units will be sold with a declining amount of financial support


The Project is advised to consider a number of possible sales scenarios. The scenarios differ in the rate of sales including a ‘slow, moderate and high’ sales scenario. This will assist in determining a reasonable sales figure within the remaining project timeframe.


Working with Banks; the current approach to familiarizing banks such as the Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) and the National Development Bank (NDB) with the biogas technology is too passive. A more interactive ‘partnership’ approach has been recommended.


Evaluation Recommendation 10:

Improved market awareness and mobilization; a range of activities have been proposed including establishing baselines to measure impacts, the use of energy diaries, demonstration days, placement of signage, demonstrate range of digesters. Etc. which will strengthen levels of market awareness and community mobilization.


Evaluation Recommendation 11:

Research and demonstration; the MTR has made a number of recommended on the range of alternative construction materials, digester designs, co-payment options, knowledge platforms, market intelligence, developing business plan packages, which are required to enhance the contribution of R&D to the project’s success.


Evaluation Recommendation 12:

The PMU works closely with BMC on advancing the prospects of the entity investing in the proposed biogas digester. Some form of commitment, in writing would be positive in this regard.


Evaluation Recommendation 13:

It has been recommended that the financial and technical feasibility study produced for BMC should provide the template for analyzing digester options for both SENN Foods and Kalagadi Breweries Limited (KBL) as well. This is a key outcome for the medium-scale digester component.


Evaluation Recommendation 14:

The MTR recommended that the three EIAs are to be undertaken based on the 3 technical/financial feasibility studies as proposed in the recommendation outlined above (#13)


Evaluation Recommendation 15:

It is important to uncouple the project’s success from the adoption of future policies. 


Evaluation Recommendation 16:

The MTR recommended that the Public sector takes greater pioneering responsibility in developing medium-scale biogas digesters. Example proposed was school-based amongst others. 


Evaluation Recommendation 17:

The MTR recommended that the project work more closely with a private sector organisation such as Kgatleng Beef Producers Association who have expressed an interest in the technology on ‘own-consumption’ power generation options. These private-sector, ‘own-consumption’ options present additional important outcomes for the medium-scale digester component.

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