Terminal evaluation - Energy Efficiency improvements in Commercial Buildings (CPD Output 3.3)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2022-2022, India
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Title Terminal evaluation - Energy Efficiency improvements in Commercial Buildings (CPD Output 3.3)
Atlas Project Number: 00060037
Evaluation Plan: 2022-2022, India
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2018
Planned End Date: 05/2018
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 20,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Adil Lari International Lead Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Energy Efficiency improvements in commercial buildings
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 3555
PIMS Number: 4043
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: INDIA

The Project Terminal Evaluation is underway and expected to be completed by May 2018.


3.1 Project Design / Formulation

When the BEE issued the ECBC at the national level in 2007, it had restricted power to mandate the ECBC in the field. In particular, mandatory implementation of the ECBC required the involvement of state and local governments to review and, as necessary, modify the code considering regional and local needs before endorsing and enforcing it. The approval and notification processes required to realize country-wide mandatory implement of the ECBC is a involved process especially considering that the diverse state and local government bodies (SDAs, UDDs, UDAs, etc.) of 29 separate states and 7 territories need to be informed, engaged and brought on-track.

The project was designed to facilitate the implementation of the ECBC as a mandatory regime for new commercial buildings in India. The main objective of the project was to reduce GHG emissions in the commercial building sector of India by mainstreaming ECBC conformance. This objective formed the basis for the supporting outcomes, outputs and activities. The intended outputs were goal-oriented, addressing diverse stakeholder groups (government, building professionals, developers, etc.) with well-conceived capacity building and engagement programmes. The scope of activities was ambitious considering the quite short (four-year) implementation timeframe and the complexity the relationship between decision-makers at the national, state and local levels.

The project was appropriately designed with an good mix of actions to involve the relevant government agencies, educational institutes, building owners and their associations, users, industry and service providers (architects/engineers, building material manufacturers, builders/contractors/developers), as well as investors and financial institutions.


Tag: Emission Reduction Energy Local Governance Programme/Project Design Country Government Capacity Building


Analysis of LFA/Results Framework (Project logic /strategy; Indicators)

As an instrument for planning activities under the implementation framework defined in the Project Document, the logframe was complicated as a tool for project management and for reporting to UNDP and GEF. The logframe did not adequately facilitate tracking of implementation targets for each year of project implementation and was unsuited for the operational evaluation of project progress. Although indicators, targets and deadlines were defined in the logframe, several lacked a clear means for tracking progress and impact outside the project with definitive sources of validation in the market, such as external indicators and targets with which to track the real market uptake of EE technologies; numbers of ECBC conforming buildings. In the mid-term evaluation weaknesses in the project logframe as a monitoring and evaluation tool were identified. Recommendations to simplify the logframe matrix included the objective of reducing the number of indicators from 79 to a more appropriate number for project management. Specifically, it was suggested that a number of redundant indicators be removed and that targets be adjusted so that they were clear and realistically achievable and within the timeframe of the Project.

Tag: Energy Programme/Project Design Project and Programme management Results-Based Management


Assumptions and Risks

The project assumed a strong and continuous political will within the Government of India and its agencies at the state and local levels to implement and enforce the ECBC. A lack of political will was considered to be a moderate to high risk at the project start. In fact, the project team encountered various degrees of resistance at state and local levels which frustrated some actions and activities. With the project intervention, the ECBC compliance rate for new commercial buildings would increase. It was forecast in the Project Document that the rate of compliance with ECBC would be at 10% from 2011 until 2013, 20% in 2014, 35% in 2015, 50% in 2016, 65% in 2017 and 80% from 2018 until 2025. These buildings were expected to meet the SEC of 180 kWh/m2/year.

Tag: Energy Relevance Local Governance Operational Efficiency Risk Management Capacity Building


Lessons from other relevant projects (e.g., same focal area) incorporated into project design

The project had been selected under the “umbrella EE program” Programmatic Framework Project for Energy Efficiency in India (GEF project 3538) and was thus prioritized by India’s Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and Department of Economic Affairs (DEA). The project was designed to supplement BEE’s activities in the buildings sector and build upon other initiatives and programmes including TERI-GRIHA and LEED-India.

BEE initiated a Standards and Labelling Program for equipment and appliances in 2006 to help consumers make an informed choice about the energy saving, and thereby the subsequent cost saving potential of the relevant product. Labels on appliances show energy requirements and a star rating from one to five stars, with a five-star rated appliance being the most energy efficient. The scheme has been implemented for 21 appliances, eight of which (air conditioners, colour TV, electric geysers, etc.) are mandatory.

Tag: Energy Relevance Capacity Building


Planned stakeholder participation

The partnership strategy was well designed to include key stakeholders and decision makers at all levels in project implementation. This included the necessary top-level policy and decision makers, public utilities, key state institutions and design organizations, universities, other specialized expert organizations, as well as the active participation of private sector developers.

The project was implemented under a National Implementation Modality (NIM) with the BEE as executing partner. The advantage of the NIM modality was that it strengthened national ownership and supported the role of the BEE as the national hub for energy efficiency projects and programmes in India. As project leader, BEE ensured continuity and coordination among different programmes and stakeholders (GEF, USAID, SDC, LEED, etc.), and it ensured that no redundant effort was expended and that best practices were scaled up as necessary. Further, as the government agency responsible for ECBC, the BEE takes over where the GEF project left off, providing continued support for the training programs and local cells supporting ECBC uptake.

The problematic of the NIM was evident in the early stages, where government procurement procedures and approvals were largely responsible for delays in the formation of the project management unit. UNDP assisted with procurement procedures streamlined to GEF project implementation.

A Steering Committee (SC), was established as prescribed in the project document and met regularly to provide strategic and management directions to guide project implementation. The Steering Committee included stakeholders from parallel initiatives including the SDC BEEP project.

Tag: Implementation Modality Partnership Bilateral partners Donor National Institutions Private Sector


Replication approach

The project design takes advantage of the repetitive nature of the government administrations at the state and local levels. By designing and implementing guidelines, training and capacity building programs for one state, it was recognized these could then be repeated between India’s 29 states and 7 territories. Within this structure, the PMU was able to initially focus on 10-20 states that had first adopted ECBC, and where there were concentrations of new commercial building construction and adequate local capacity to address ECBC and EE in new buildings.

Tag: Energy Sustainability


UNDP comparative advantage

The project effectively builds on UNDP’s strong experience in India and East Asia in promoting, designing and managing sustainable energy and environmental protection programmes in the EE sector, while strengthening the capacity of government institutions. UNDP involvement in India has included projects related to resource use including energy efficiency and renewable energy. The UNDP Country Office in Delhi was active in ensuring quality assurance, transparency and due process, closely guiding and supporting the project management team to overcome bottlenecks and adopt appropriate adaptive management measures to achieve results. Where necessary, staff and consultants were contracted according to the established Rules and Regulations of the United Nations and the financial transactions and procurement activities similarly followed due process and the same Rules and Regulations.

Tag: Energy Oversight Quality Assurance Strategic Positioning


Linkages between project and other interventions within the sector

The EECB project was part of the “Programmatic Framework Project for Energy Efficiency in India” (GEF project 3538). Five projects on energy efficiency were proposed under this program:

1. Energy Efficiency Improvements in Commercial Buildings (UNDP);

2. Chiller Energy Efficiency Project (World Bank);

3. Financing Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Enterprises (World Bank);

4. Promoting Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in Selected SME clusters in India (UNIDO); and

5. Improving Energy Efficiency in the Indian Railways System (UNDP).

The project was implemented under the BEE who was directly responsible for realizing the ECBC under a USAID cooperation. The BEE managed several projects and initiatives (GEF, USAID, SDC, EU) and facilitated the development, coordination and management of activities and synergies with further initiatives which would continue beyond the lifetime of the project.

Tag: Energy Effectiveness Sustainability Innovation Awareness raising


Management arrangements

At the project design stage, the arrangements were prescribed for implementation of the project under the NIM execution modality, with Bureau for Energy Efficiency (BEE) as the Executing Agency / Implementing Partner and UNDP as the Implementing Agency. The BEE appointed a National Project Director (the Director General of BEE) to assume overall responsibility for project implementation, ensure the delivery of project outputs and the judicious use of project resources. The National Project Director was to be assisted by a Programme Management Unit headed by the Project Manager (PM) and responsible for overall project coordination and implementation, consolidation of work plans and project papers, preparation of quarterly progress reports, reporting to the project supervisory bodies, and supervising the work of the project experts and other project staff.

A Steering Committee (SC) was to provide strategic decisions and management guidance to implement the project. The SC was to be made up of representatives of relevant ministries and government departments, and UNDP, and to be chaired by the NPD.

Tag: Implementation Modality Oversight Project and Programme management Coordination


3.2 Project Implementation

The project document was signed between and GOI and UNDP in April 2011. The implementation period was planned as 4 years. Due to delays in procuring and establishing the Project Management Unit, the project did not effectively take off until November 2013 following a 30 month delay. The project’s Mid-term review was undertaken in Oct. 2014 and on the basis of its recommendation the project was extended to 2017.

The project closed on 31 December 2017 Project progress was delayed in the first 2 years by two key factors:

• The project was delayed by procurement of staff. A project manager was hired in August 2012 but was released in October 2013 and not replaced until 2017 when one of the Assistant Project Managers took over the role.

• In the meantime, the management of the project fell upon the National Project Director (the Director General of BEE) who was replaced in September 2012 and then reinstated in August 2013.

With the project objective of supporting ECBC conformity for new commercial buildings, the challenge was to make the institutional arrangements in 29 separate states and 7 territories in India. Under the direction of BEE and the PSC, the PMU set up 14 ECBC cells to coordinate ECBC implementation at the state level, to support direct communications between the SDAs who would promote ECBC and the UDDs who integrate ECBC with local building by-laws and enforce it. The PMU focused activity on the 20 states that have adapted ECBC and where there were adequate new commercial building construction volumes and local capacity to deal with EE issues in new buildings. The role of the ECBC cell (under the direction of BEE) was to facilitate ECBC compliance efforts between the BEE, the SDAs and the UDDs, and other agencies as appropriate. Project resources were also being used to augment BEE’s on-going activities on monitoring and evaluation of the ECBC program through market surveys, studies and surveillance; this enabled the formulation of benchmarks for different categories of buildings in various climatic zones as well as the formation of easy to implement compliance guidelines for the above mentioned state and local institutions.

Tag: Operational Efficiency Project and Programme management


During the terminal evaluation mission, it was emphasized that once BEE advises the States to implement ECBC, there are a number of stages which need to be passed through to achieve ECBC mandatory regime in any State. The key stages and processes are:

1. Review and amendment of ECBC: Each state forms an advisory committee to look into climate, social and economic conditions in different parts of the state and to provide recommendations and as necessary specific amendments to the ECBC appropriate for implementation within that State.

2. Issue of ECBC Notification: The recommended (revised or amended) provisions are examined by the state government within its own government departments, public works departments and other authorities, institutions, and other concerned stakeholders. As an outcome of this process, the state government issues the notification in the public domain advising all the concerned in the construction of public and/or private building sector to take necessary steps for ECBC compliance.

3. Incorporation of ECBC in building bye-laws: After the release of the notification, the Urban Development Department (a state level wing of Ministry of Urban Development) develops the ‘Model Building Bye-Laws’ for the State and releases the same to all the Municipalities (or Elected Urban Local Bodies) in the State for incorporation in their building bye-laws.

4. Review & enforcement of ECBC at municipal level: Each municipality in the state has the power to accept fully or further review and modify the ‘model building by-laws’ before announcement and enforcement of their final bye-laws for construction of buildings in its municipality.

5. Incorporation of ECBC provisions in building design: Depending upon the enforcement level and ease of implementation within the state, the building owners are expected to incorporate ECBC provisions in their buildings. To facilitate such provisions in government buildings which are designed, constructed and maintained by the respective PWDs, normally prevailing Schedule of Rates are revised to include costing parameters related to energy efficient building materials and equipment. While, the building developers look into incremental costs and benefits for ECBC compliance, and host of parameters including whether such projects will have significant edge over their competitors in the prevailing market.

6. ECBC compliance verification: For any building, as general practice, the municipalities inspect the compliance with building bye-laws and these are normally verified by the municipality at three stages, namely design, during construction and at completion of construction. The same is true for ECBC implementation and its compliance.

Tag: Energy Local Governance Policies & Procedures Country Government


Adaptive management (changes to the project design and project outputs during implementation)

To increase the efficiency of Output 1.2 (Strengthened mechanisms and structures for ECBC implementation and gathered energy performance data), ECBC cells were established within state government agencies (SDAs and UDDs) to assist them at the state and local levels to implement the ECBC. These 4-person teams consisting of engineers and architects were able to deliver practical technical know-how and procedures concerning building energy efficiency and ECBC implementation on the ground. They helped organize training and assisted at the local level with review and notification of the ECBC. They formed a network to share experience and best practice between states and the BEE.

ECBC cells in the states and territories have also taken up 17 additional demonstration projects. The ECBC cells use and demonstrate dynamic energy simulation software (Designbuilder) provided by the EECB project for evaluating potential of energy efficiency strategies and code compliance in these buildings.


Tag: Human and Financial resources Oversight Ownership Capacity Building


3.2 Project Implementation

Partnership arrangements (with relevant stakeholders involved in the country/region)

As the central hub for technical, management and political issues concerning energy efficiency the BEE was able to coordinate the initiatives of international donors (GEF, USAID, SDC and EU), government counterparts and other participants. Through the promotion of activities and coordination of key stakeholders including government counterparts at various levels, private sector and other international organizations active in the country, the BEE was able to efficiently augment the impact and results of the project and to avoid overlapping of efforts. It was generally appreciated that the achievements and successes realized through the synergy far exceeded the sum of what could have been achieved individually by these initiatives. Further, the project initiatives provided a platform for promoting good cross-government coordination and collaboration.

Tag: Energy Local Governance Partnership Programme Synergy Bilateral partners Capacity Building Private Sector


Feedback from M&E activities used for adaptive management

The internal communications between the project and its key stakeholders was through PSC and PAC meetings. Prior to each meeting, participants were provided with detailed minutes of the previous meeting as well as other documents that serve as information to enhance the discussions. This practice has led to productive discussions and effective coordination between initiatives. This is considered good practice for other projects.

The Project carried out periodical Project Steering Committee meetings and Project Advisory Committee meetings to review the progress of the Project and also take appropriate decisions and corrective actions wherever needed keeping in view the state level issues and the feedback received from the ECBC Cells, SDAs, partner institutes and concerned central and state government departments.


Tag: Monitoring and Evaluation Oversight Project and Programme management


Project Finance

The total budget at CEO Endorsement/Approval was USD 21,027,660, broken down as follows:

• GEF Grant: USD 5,200,000 • Government (cash): USD 2,299,174

• Government (in-kind) USD 677,422

• Bilateral Agency (SDC) USD 1,787,234

• Private Sector (DLF): USD 11,063,83

At project closure, the cumulative GEF funds disbursement totaled US$ 5.2 million, with a 100% delivery rate

Tag: Efficiency Global Environment Facility fund Private Sector Financing Bilateral partners


Monitoring and Evaluation Design at Entry and Implementation (*):

The project document contained a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan and Budget that was generally in accordance with established UNDP and GEF policies and procedures. M&E activities, lead responsible parties, budget and timeframe were clearly identified in the Monitoring and Evaluation section of the project document.

The project’s M&E used only a fraction of the indicators on the Project Logframe. As mentioned in the Mid-term evaluation, the indicators were too numerous and in many cases ambiguous for the PMU to effectively track. Some of the indicators were duplications of other indicators, some indicators precursors to other indicators which could easily have been eliminated to reduce M&E. Some of the indicators refer to unavailable information (such as the indirect GHG emissions), others were not cost-effective or efficient to monitor (such as surveys on the satisfaction of the training workshops).


Tag: Monitoring and Evaluation


UNDP and Implementing Partner Implementation / Execution (*), Coordination, and Operational Issues

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is the statutory body under Ministry of Power to facilitate and coordinate energy efficiency initiatives at the central government level. BEE is directed to reduce the energy intensity of Indian economy by actively working with stakeholders to accelerate the implementation of energy efficiency measures. The BEE acted as ‘Implementing Partner’ (GEF Local Executing Agency). UNDP provided overall management and guidance, and was responsible for monitoring and evaluation of the project as per GEF and UNDP requirements. In 2016 & 2017 some of the activities of Annual Work Plan (AWP) were implemented through direct country office support including the Energy Efficient Model Buildings (EEMB) programme, development of ECBC User Guide & Design Guidelines, establishment of ECBC Cells in Himachal Pradesh and Cuttack City, roll-out of Energy Monitoring Information System (EMIS) and Building Energy Passport (BEP) work etc. There were periodic interactions and bi-monthly meetings between BEE, PMU and the UNDP Country Office to roll-out project activities.

Tag: Energy Oversight Coordination Operational Services


3.3 Project Results Overall results (attainment of objectives) (*):Satisfactory

On the basis of the data and information and Project Implementation Reports provided by the PMU, the evaluation team has consolidated the following table which includes baseline and targets set out at the end of the Project (EOP)- table below.

The project has been successful in preparing the basis for mandatory ECBC enforcement in various Indian states. The project’s most significant results in terms of global emission reductions are summarized under the section Impact: 

The aim of the project was to assist the Government to implement and operationalize the ECBC. The project set up guidelines with which the local and state governments could implement the code. In many states, the state nodal agencies established to promote renewable energy also acted as state-designated agencies for promoting energy efficiency.

Tag: Emission Reduction Energy


Outcome 1: Institutional Capacity Development


ECBC Cells: ECBC cells at the state level were established to strengthen local institution capacities and actions to implement the ECBC. Each ECBC cell consists of a team of about four experts (engineers and architects) stationed at SDAs for a period of one to two years, who assist the state to evaluate the current guidelines and to help identify the gap to strengthen and comply with ECBC. With support from the project, four states have notified the ECBC. ECBC roadmaps were prepared with project support for 16 states. The Roadmaps identify financial incentives to spur the ECBC market and the regulatory framework necessary to implement ECBC. ECBC cells help facilitate the process of notification.

Tag: Energy Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Building


Outcome 2: Technical Capacity Development

The activities of this component were focused on raising awareness and development of skills of building sector stakeholders for ECBC implementation. Capacity building is required at various levels and for various stakeholders e.g. government officials, architects, engineers, developers, material vendors etc.

• One-day programmes were focused on raising awareness on applicability and implementation of ECBC. The content of the training programme includes introduction to building physics, scope of ECBC, energy efficient strategies and compliance mechanism. EECB project had organized 88 one-day awareness programme, which was attended by 4,048 participants.

• Two days intensive training programmes focused on the technical content of the code. The topics covered were scope of the code, administration and compliance approach, building envelope, lighting, HVAC, service hot water and electrical equipment. The master trainers engage the participants to develop their technical expertise by explaining the code in detail and by performing hands on exercises. EECB project had also organized specialized two-day training programmes on Whole Building Performance Method using energy simulation tools. Project has conducted 73 two-day training programmes and these programmes were attended by 2,756 participants.

• The project identified three regional institutions; Malaviya National Institute of Technology in Jaipur, Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology in Ahmedabad and International Institute of Information Technology in Hyderabad for conducting training of trainers’ programmes. The training of trainer programme was conducted over two-three days, where experienced building energy efficiency professionals along with faculties from the regional institutions review the content of the code. The performance of the participants was evaluated based on their understanding of the code and through written subjective examination. Candidates qualifying both oral and written examinations are accredited as Master trainers, who can further build capacities of building sector stakeholders across the country. The project has organized eleven training of trainers programme and pool of 122 master trainers was identified.

• To make energy efficient building design a widespread practice, it is important to integrate this subject in the curriculum of architecture and engineering education. In September 2017, an exposure visit was organized to Russia for understanding the activities of UNDP-GEF Project “Buildings energy efficiency in the North-West of Russia”. The project had implemented elaborate training packages on building energy efficiency for different stakeholders e.g. elementary school, primary and secondary school, graduate and postgraduate courses, vocational training programmes and pensioners. The publications developed by UNDP Russia were found to be useful by the Indian counterparts and EECB project had done the English translation of these documents.

• The project organized 5 regional workshops in collaboration with NITI Ayog and, which was instrumental in wider acceptance of ECBC by top officials from the states. This is the first time such regional workshops had happened in the country where participants from the adjoining states had discussed their approach, challenges and success for the implementation of ECBC.

Tag: Regional Jobs and Livelihoods Awareness raising Capacity Building Technical Support


Master trainers: A master training scheme was developed under the project to create a pool of technical experts called master trainers. The master trainers are not only trained to support planning process but also to support implementation of ECBC. Three institutes, namely, CEPT University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat; Indian Institute for Information Technology, Hyderabad; and Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur have been identified to impart the master training. The states of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra have identified the need to institutionalize training and capacity-building activities within their states to create state-specific cadre of professionals, and the project is providing this support.

Tag: Capacity Building National Institutions


Training energy auditors: BEE established the concept of energy auditors in the country. They are expected to act as energy counsellors, carrying out energy audits, providing recommendations to industry and other establishments on improving energy efficiency. There are two categories of energy counsellors—energy managers and energy auditors. Both have to appear for an exam conducted by BEE, three papers are common for both categories; however, energy auditors have to clear an additional paper. The BEE provides certification to those who qualify in these exams and they are called Certified Energy Managers (CEM) and Certified Energy Auditors (CEA), respectively. There are about 10,000 CEMs/ CEAs. The project is making use of the skill set available in promoting building energy efficiency. Against a target of training 1000 energy auditors, 413 were trained under the project. A short duration training covering orientation to building energy, updates on guidelines will suffice as they already are well versed with energy efficiency aspects.

Tag: Energy Capacity Building


Awareness programmes: As building energy efficiency aspects are fairly recent, it was important to create awareness with all stakeholders, namely, property managers, architects, building professionals, developers and contractors, municipal authorities, etc. In this regard, several programmes have been conducted. The project has created awareness to about 300 personnel in 10 programmes against the targeted 1500 in 50 programmes. In addition, the project has also trained 15 persons as trainers. These programmes have been pan India, first set of programmes have been conducted in the following states, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Puducherry, Raipur, Thiruvananthapuram, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. • Market Assessment of Energy Efficient Building Materials: To increase the building manufacturers to make use of product testing results in improving their building material products, the study reviewed 17 building materials. Objective of this activity was to develop key performance indicators (KPI) for building materials for the assessment of building materials market in India under the following categories: a) wall material, b)insulation, c)fenestration, d)hvac, e)lighting, f) solar heater. The draft reports for the building materials such as the autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) blocks have been completed.

Three KPIs were identified; they are: 1. Technical specifications/ test standards

2. Market structure/size/forecast

3. Cost-benefit analysis

Tag: Energy Awareness raising Capacity Building


Outcome 3: ECBC Compliance Demonstrations

These buildings are expected to provide continuous data and learnings of ECBC interventions so as to help other potential builders get a first-hand exposure.

Experience from feasibility analysis of 8 realized demonstration projects under the EECB project shows that implementation of ECBC-compliant building costs 2%–3% more than the conventional building. A significant part of the incremental cost gets compensated against the optimized design and reduced sizing for lighting, HVAC, transformer and power, back-up etc. Feasibility reports of ECBC-compliant demonstration projects show 15% – 30% energy savings compared to conventional buildings and through the operation energy savings, the incremental cost can be recovered within 3–4 years.

Tag: Energy Efficiency


Outcome 4- Enforcement of fiscal incentive and regulatory frameworks

A study to analyze the current regulatory and fiscal incentives framework has been initiated in 16 states (states that had moved ahead with ECBC implementation in the 11th Plan Period). The draft report for all the 16 states has been prepared and stakeholder consultations have been conducted in 11 states. Also, the state of Maharashtra has devised a green building incentives scheme

Three demonstration projects were assisted with gap funding for implementing recommended energy efficiency materials and technologies.

These are: - Energy Management Center, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala - Dhanvantri Hospital Building, Jaipur, Rajasthan - T-Hub building, Hyderabad, Telangana

Tag: Operational Efficiency


Outcome 5: Enhancing information and awareness

List of Knowledge Products 1. 4 Nos. Newsletters 2. EECB Brochure 3. Project Video: 8 mins, 2 mins, 30 Sec 4. 4 Case studies videos 5. Template for Notifications 6. Template for Bye laws updating 7. Template for Schedule of Rates 8. Template for ECBC Compliance Reports: Design/Construction/Operation Check 9. ECBC 2017 Course Modules 10. ECBC 2017 Video Tutorials 11. One-page Case Studies of Each Demonstration Projects 12. Energy Efficient Material and Technologies Manufacturer Directory 13. Market Assessment Report 14. Energy Performance Benchmarking Report 15. Implementing Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Proceedings of ICEEB Conference 2015 16. ECBC 2017 User Guide 17. ECBC 2017 Design Guidelines 18. ECBC 2017 presentation slides 19. Rolling Building Energy Efficiency in Cities 20. ECBC Mobile App.

The ECBC APP was developed covering the various aspects of the code, which aims at enhancing the awareness levels of stakeholders as well as providing technical guidance towards its conformance. Additionally, in the ECBC APP, with a view to assist compliance to the code, an ‘Expert System’ was developed with the objective of supporting architects and design professionals to assess the impact of their designs and its conformance with the code requirements. The key features of ECBC App are

• Full access to the ECBC database or values for all types of buildings in different climate zones and operation hours in a smooth intuitive tree view structure.

• A calculator for the Envelop Trade-off method for quick onsite calculations for future compliance verifiers and commissioning agents. This has been implemented but is under testing phase. • Quick tool for U-value calculation for multi-layer assemblies.

• The Climate Zone Evaluator based on GPS coordinates (GPS integration is under development).

• The Building Physics Expert System for five climatic zones of India.

Tag: Energy Urban Communication Knowledge management Awareness raising Coordination Technical Support


Relevance (*)

According to the figures (2013-14) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, GOI, India’s building sector consumes about 31% (882 billion kWh) of the total energy produced. The commercial building sector accounts for nearly 9%. It is estimated that the total built up area of commercial buildings will surpass 1.9 billion m2 by 2030. This would be a threefold growth from 2015 levels when the built-up area was 847 million m2. The urgency to realize cost-effective energy saving measures in these buildings during construction is more urgent than ever. Immediate implementation of ECBC in the commercial building sector remains crucial for three reasons:

• First, a significant part of the commercial building construction is yet to happen even though almost 700 million sq. meters of commercial building space has been built over the last 10 years and timely implementation of ECBC will bring along energy efficient stock leading to noticeable rewards in the form of energy savings, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, thermally comfortable habitats for occupants etc.

• Second, ECBC success would pave the way for other initiatives including residential building energy efficiency initiatives. The residential building sector has a high energy saving potential, primarily due to its sheer size and faces an urgent need for a focused and sustained national level initiative.

• Third, the effective implementation of ECBC aligns with India’s Nationally Determined Contribution commitments presented at the COP21 meeting in Paris as a key lever to mitigate climate change.

Based on the review of all available information, the project was rated Relevant.

Tag: Emission Reduction Energy Relevance Urban


Effectiveness (*)

The Effectiveness of the project strategy is evidenced by:

• 218.7 GWh/y energy savings secured by demonstration projects, mandatory enforcement of ECBC in Telangana State and ECBC conform buildings in Karnataka State

• 3220 ktCO2eq emission reductions from demonstration buildings. The original target of 2267 ktCO2eq has been met and surpassed. Based on the review of all available information, Effectiveness was rated Satisfactory.

Tag: Effectiveness


Efficiency (*)

The Efficiency of the project is supported by:

• Quality inputs and collaboration from stakeholders and national and international technical experts at established funding level contributed to cost-efficiency

• ECBC cells, training programmes and networking • Strong coordination with other initiatives in the sector Based on the review of all available information, Efficiency is rated Satisfactory.

Tag: Efficiency Partnership Coordination


Country ownership

The takeover of ownership of the Project by the BEE played a key role in the ultimate success of the project. The BEE is a champion of EE building growth. The BEE acts as the central hub for technical, political and managerial competence concerning energy efficiency. As such it was able to coordinate the project activities among key stakeholders in government, private sector and international donors.

Further, the Project design was formulated with extensive coordination with national stakeholders and international donors. There was close involvement of key stakeholders from parallel initiatives through participation in the Project Steering Committee.

Tag: Oversight Ownership Capacity Building Coordination



The project addresses the UNDP priorities of clean and affordable energy, responsible consumption and production, climate action and sustainable cities and communities. Further, industry, innovation and infrastructure were supported as were decent work and economic growth.

Tag: Energy Green Climate Effectiveness Inclusive economic growth


Gender and Development

During project implementation, due attention was given to including women participation in the project activities.

Tag: Women's Empowerment


Sustainability (*)

Financial: Financial risks to ECBC sustainability are low given that GoI funding under the 12th Five-Year Plan is available which is being utilized by BEE to provide capacity building support in states through the SDAs. Under this Project, the capacity building support and creation of ECBC cells have been carried out in 24 states and 6 territories which the BEE has agreed with GoI finances to continue to support. Under the project, state governments committed funds towards constructing further ECBC compliant buildings. Financial sustainability is rated Likely

Tag: Efficiency Sustainability Capacity Building



Private sector building owners are expected to embrace ECBC compliance as it will either reduce energy costs of those building owners who occupy the building or the building will have a higher demand amongst renters and leasers given the reported lower energy costs to operate the building. Socio-political sustainability is rated Likely.

Tag: Efficiency Sustainability Private Sector


Institutional framework and governance

The BEE is the champion of ECBC implementation. As the national hub of action and initiatives concerning EE in the building sector, it ensures sustained efforts to reach mandatory ECBC enforcement following the project. Further, the project has assisted to have a mandatory ECBC implemented in Hyderabad municipality. This will serve as a model and challenge for other municipalities and states towards ECBC uptake. Institutional framework and governance sustainability is rated Likely

Tag: Sustainability Local Governance



The environmental benefits of building EE in terms of reduced GHG is self evident. Environmental sustainability is rated LikelyBased on the review of all available information, the overall project Sustainability is rated Likely.

Tag: Emission Reduction Energy Environmental impact assessment Sustainability



The project’s most significant impact in terms of GHG emission reductions can be summarized as follows:

• Support for mandatory enforcement of the ECBC in the municipality of Hyderabad, Telangana state. The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) has incorporated the ECBC in their municipal by-laws. Beginning in 2017, new commercial buildings (currently estimated at about 2 million m2 per year) are required to be ECBC compliant. The resulting direct and post-project direct emission reduction is significant (approx. 3000 ktCO2 considering a 20-year post-project influence period). The project supported mandatory implementation with capacity building (incl. training, ECBC Cells and demonstration buildings), and the training and accreditation of 106 Third Party Assessors to verify ECBC compliance. As the forerunner, Telangana State and Hyderabad Municipality is now the model for mandatory ECBC implementation and enforcement at the state and local levels. The experiences and processes can be shared and replicated in other states where keen and competitive interest is already evident.

  • Support for the mandatory application of the ECBC for public buildings in Karnataka. State. In 2016, the Karnataka Public Works Department updated their Schedule of Rates to include ECBC compliance construction and the ULB incorporated ECBC provisions in their by-laws. The project supported ECBC conformity with capacity building (incl. training, ECBC Cells) and demonstration buildings. Beginning in 2017, new public buildings in Karnataka (currently estimated at 0.4 million m2 per year) must be ECBC compliant. The resulting direct and post-project direct emission reduction is approx.700 ktCO2 considering a 20-year post-project influence period.
  • Under the project, 16 demonstration building have been completed and a further 29 are under construction. These buildings demonstrate in different regions that ECBC compliant buildings realize energy savings in the range of 15-20% with only 2% additional costs for construction and pay-back under 4 years. These demonstration buildings sparked interest among government and private sector alike. The demonstration buildings realized under the project will save a total of 146.7 GWh/year. Direct lifecycle (25 year) emission reduction from demonstration buildings is 3320 ktCO2

Tag: Emission Reduction Energy Impact Sustainability


The project demonstrated several best practices which resulted in the successful uptake of the ECBC and that may be adopted for the formulation and implementation of similar projects in the sector.


Support the momentum built up during the project to roll out mandatory enforcement of Energy Conservarion Building Code (ECBC) in all Indian states and UTs. Use the positive examples of Hyderabad, Telangana Karnataka, etc as demonstration models for other states and municipalities. Support exchange and competition between municipalities to spur decision-makers into action.


Following the model of Karnataka and Rajasthan states, support government ministries and departments to enforce ECBC compliance for all public buildings.


The project initiated a Building Energy Passport (BEP) and Energy Monitoring Information System (EMIS) for India. BEP-EMIS Tool was conceptualized as an IT- based online tool to be used for (i) compliance checking during their design, construction and operation stages and (ii) monitoring of buildings energy performance during their operation stage. The BEP-EMIS tool will conform to ECBC 2017 and BEE star labeling for buildings technical requirements along with EMIS capabilities. The tool should serve as a platform to keep track of all building related energy performance data. BEE should pursue implementation of the BEP-EMIS tool. The EMIS is to be used to verify ECBC 2017 compliance.


The ECBC addressed the commercial building sector. The residential building sector in urban areas is growing at a substantial rate and has a strong potential for energy savings. The energy and GHG savings in this sector should be pursued in follow-up policy, programmes and initiatives.


Various provisions in ECBC require testing and certification to conform to mandatory and prescriptive measures in the Code in accordance with International Testing Standards. This requires certified testing facilities and well trained testing professionals to perform the tests. There is a need to establish such facilities and expertise in Indian test labs.


The ECBC should be adapted in the future to provide for the retrofitting of existing buildings

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