Terminal Evaluation of Belize Chemicals and Waste Management Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Belize
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
05/2019
Completion Date:
04/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
12,000

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Download document TE-Belize-Report-BCWMP FINAL.pdf report English 1449.99 KB Posted 46
Title Terminal Evaluation of Belize Chemicals and Waste Management Project
Atlas Project Number: 00079317
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Belize
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2019
Planned End Date: 05/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
Evaluation Budget(US $): 12,000
Source of Funding: Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 11,560
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Hans M. Ewoldsen PhD ewoldsenh@aol.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Belize Chemicals and Waste Management Project
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Persistent Organic Pollutants
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5094
PIMS Number: 5158
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Fisheries, Forestry and Sustainable Development, Department of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, Pesticides Control Board
Countries: BELIZE
Lessons
1.

Flexibility should be included in project execution and decision making, and built into the project schedule, to allow for making adjstments in schedule or program implementation, as the need occurs.A hard and fast project schedule or execution plan can lead to severe consequences to the success of a project.

 


2.

When facilities are to be constructed or equipment procured, additional funding contingency should be provided or allocated in the initial or revised budgets.  This would avoid having to justify and obtain additional funding, which may be difficult to get.


3.

For the Chemicals and Solid Waste Project, given its complexity and the fact that facilities were to be designed and constructed, the schedule should have been four years instead of three.


4.

Green harvesting of sugar cane would be more attractive is the price of green harvested sugar cane were at a premium price.  This would probably require that “green harvested” granular sugar command a premium price at the sales outlet (grocery or wholesale stores), which in turn would have to experience a demand by the end buyers.  Difficult but not impossible.


5.

Shareholder incentive is best maintained through an accelerated decision-making process.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Provision should be made in the near future for incentives to enable the separation and recycling of e-waste(this is understood to be considered in the near future)

2

The issue of roadside waste (litter, agricultural waste, rural road solid waste), should be addressed in a subsequent follow-on initiative.

3

A strategy for plastics wastes needs to be developed and implemented (this is reported to be under consideration by Parliament, and scheduled for enactment in April 2019)

4

More public education on the issues of solid waste, chemicals, and environmental protection would be beneficial to all segments of the population of Belize.

5

The issue of expanding the elimination of burning of agricultural sugar cane harvesting waste should be discussed with the Sugar Industry Research & Development Institute (SIRDI), and a program of promoting the initiative adopted.

6

A review should be made, and conclusions drawn regarding the feasibility of obtaining a higher price for “Green Sugar Cane”.

7

The government and SIRDI should initiate discussions on expanded purchase and rental of mechanized equipment for pesticide and fertilizer application to sugar plantations, this would result in lessened volumes of pesticides and fertilizers being used, with corresponding reduction in costs to the farmers.

1. Recommendation:

Provision should be made in the near future for incentives to enable the separation and recycling of e-waste(this is understood to be considered in the near future)

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

Belize Solid Waste Management project sets in place a functioning landfill site supported by transfer station which allows for sorting for recycling. Transfer stations for Belize central corridor in place. Stations for southern Belize under development.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implement national solid waste management project
[Added: 2020/03/04]
Government of Belize 2019/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The implementation of the National Solid Waste Management Programme is ongoing. Phase I which responds to the Belize Central Corridor which hosts Belize's largest population centers is completed.]
It is expected that the Government of Belize will address solid waste management across the country in coming years History
2. Recommendation:

The issue of roadside waste (litter, agricultural waste, rural road solid waste), should be addressed in a subsequent follow-on initiative.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

Project under consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop follow-on activity
[Added: 2020/03/04]
Government of Belize 2019/12 Overdue-Not Initiated The decision to write a new project considering road side waste management continues to be that of the Government of Belize and to date no formal discussions have been had in this regard. History
3. Recommendation:

A strategy for plastics wastes needs to be developed and implemented (this is reported to be under consideration by Parliament, and scheduled for enactment in April 2019)

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

Ban on Single use plastic in place

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
GoB passed legislation government the banned use of single use plastics in Belize
[Added: 2020/03/04]
Government of Belize 2019/12 Completed
4. Recommendation:

More public education on the issues of solid waste, chemicals, and environmental protection would be beneficial to all segments of the population of Belize.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

Action taken up jointly by the Department of Environment (DoE) and Solid Waste Management Authority (SWAMA)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implementation of Public Education Campaign
[Added: 2020/03/04]
Government of Belize 2019/12 Completed
5. Recommendation:

The issue of expanding the elimination of burning of agricultural sugar cane harvesting waste should be discussed with the Sugar Industry Research & Development Institute (SIRDI), and a program of promoting the initiative adopted.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

SIRDI continues to promote green harvesting and have worked to expand the acreage of sugar plantations now only relying on a single control burn per cropping season. This replaces traditional practices of two burns.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote green harvesting Promote single burn systems
[Added: 2020/03/04]
SIRDI 2019/12 Completed
6. Recommendation:

A review should be made, and conclusions drawn regarding the feasibility of obtaining a higher price for “Green Sugar Cane”.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

Cane farms in northern Belize are Fair Trade certified, i.e. they already benefit from   Fair-trade Premiums for sales of Fair-trade cane sugar. Linked to their certification is actions which invest in sustainable production system. Much of the work associated with climate change adaptation, green harvesting, and reduce chemicals input is associated with their fair-trade certification.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Explore additional opportunities for certification and niche markets supporting “green sugar cane”
[Added: 2020/03/04]
Sugar cane Farmers Association Belize Sugar Industry BSI/ASR 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated This is an industry led process and to the best of the project knowledge, the option remains on the table for exploration. History
7. Recommendation:

The government and SIRDI should initiate discussions on expanded purchase and rental of mechanized equipment for pesticide and fertilizer application to sugar plantations, this would result in lessened volumes of pesticides and fertilizers being used, with corresponding reduction in costs to the farmers.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/25] [Last Updated: 2020/03/04]

Agreements in place for support from processors BSI/ASR

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Provision of support to farmers
[Added: 2020/03/04]
SIRDI/ BSI/ASR/ Sugar cane farmers 2019/12 Completed A formal agreement exists between farmers and BSI/ASR. This agreement covers investments in extension support as well as the use of machinery to support efficient sugar cane cropping. History

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